The wolf: Do we know his fangs?

the wolf

Since the dawn of humanity, there have been many myths, legends, and superstitions around this extraordinary creature: the wolf. Respected and revered by some and cursed or satanized by others. Giving rise to stories like the “Werewolf“.

The wolf (Canis lupus) is a species of placental mammal of the order of carnivores. The domestic dog is considered a member of the same species. The wolves were once abundant and were distributed throughout North America, Eurasia, and the Middle East. Currently, for a number of reasons related to man, wolves inhabit only a very limited portion of what was once their territory.

Documentary video about wolves:

Parenting of puppies

wolf pup
Wolf pup

I’m the same as my dad

The female must choose with great care where to make the refuge, it must be a place where the other wolves of the group can hunt and defend without problems, and that is close to a source of water. The pregnancy of the wolf pups lasts from 60 to 63 days. The puppies, weighing half a kilo, are born blind and deaf. Between four and six cubs are born per litter.

The wolf reaches sexual maturity after two or three years when many of them are forced to leave their herds of birth and look for pairs and their own territories. The wolf that reaches maturity generally lives six to eight years in the wild, although in captivity it can live twice that age.

Your favorite dishes

the wolf feeding
The wolf feeding

What is there to eat for today dear?

Wolves feed mainly on sheep, goats, chamois, pigs, deer, antelopes, reindeer, horses, elk, yaks and bison. Other prey includes marine mammals such as seals and stranded whales. Lone wolves depend more on small animals that can hunt by jumping on them and holding them with their front legs, although there have been documented cases of solitary individuals that have been able to hunt large animals.

They also hunt rodents, birds, and other small animals. A single wolf usually eats between 3.2 to 3.5 kilos of food at a time, although they can eat between 7 and 14 kg.

Social behavior

the wolf and the herd
The wolf and the herd

The one who commands here is me. Is it understood?

Wolves are usually organized in packs following a strict social hierarchy. The herd is led by two individuals who are at the top of the social hierarchy: the breeding male and the breeding female. The breeding pair has a great social freedom in comparison with the rest of the herd. Although they are not leaders in the human sense of the term, they help resolve any dispute within the pack. They have great control over resources, such as food, and more importantly, keep the herd together. Which has strong instincts of companionship, the rest of the pack usually follows them.

Territorial behavior

the wolf is territorial
The wolf is territorial

You are in my house. Care.

Wolves are territorial animals because several studies have shown that the average size of a herd’s territory is around 200 km2. The herds travel constantly in search of prey, covering about 9% of their territory per day, 25 km/day or so. The core of its territory is on average about 35 km2, where they spend 50% of the time.

Communication of the wolf

the wolf as it communicates
The wolf as it communicates

Woman. Why do you never answer the phone?

Wolves have different ways to communicate through howls, grunts, barks, smell and body language. They also use their howls to announce their presence and warn intruders. In addition, group members howl to locate each other when they are away. Some people even believe that wolves make their famous howl just to have fun.

Population

the wolf population
The wolf population

They would smile at the camera. Say, Lamb.

The wolves are still, despite the persecution they have been subjected to, the canids with the widest distribution. They inhabit all of Eurasia and North America and have been introduced to Australia. Its habitat varies from the ice floes of Greenland to the deserts of Arabia or the jungles of India.

Relationship with the human being

On occasion, these creatures have been reared as domestic and working animals, though not without difficulty, due to the greater socialization problem they have with respect to dogs and their predatory instinct. Therefore, they need training and correct motivation, just like dogs.

As for the interaction of man with the wolf in natural contexts, there are some documented cases of positive relationship, based on the knowledge and assumption, by man, of the hierarchical rules that govern the structure of the herd.

Attacks on humans

Wild wolves are usually shy and avoid contact with people, their reaction often depends on previous experiences they have had with humans rather than their own natural behavior.

In comparison with other carnivorous predators, the frequency with which there have been cases of attacks of wolves towards people is quite low and more if we consider their size and their predatory potential.

Hunting

Wolves have usually been hunted for sport, for their skin, to protect livestock and in some rare cases to protect people. Historically, the hunting of wolves was huge, it was an operation that required a lot of capital and labor. Labor that required thousands of nets, cars, and sheds to store their skins and dry them. The threat to livestock, as well as to the people, were more than enough reasons for entire peoples to get ready to hunt them.

Reintroduction

The reintroduction of the wolf implies the artificial restoration of a population of wolves in areas where they had previously disappeared. The reintroduction of the wolf is considered only where the páramo extensions are large enough and where the prey is abundant to support a population. In Yellowstone National Park and in Idaho the wolves have been successfully introduced again. However, there are opponents, due to the depredation of livestock or economic difficulties caused by the wolves.

Conclusion

Wolves are intelligent creatures that live in groups established in territories. They are animals with a strong sense of family and varied communication skills. Nothing like the stories where is a demon or monster.

References:

* Wikipedia: Canis Lupus

* estudiantes.info: El lobo

   *Youtube video:  Wild Yellowstone She Wolf HD – BBC Documentary His

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The wolf: Do we know his fangs?
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The wolf: Do we know his fangs?
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The wolf (Canis lupus) is a species of placental mammal of the order of carnivores. The domestic dog is considered a member of the same species. The wolves were once abundant and were distributed throughout North America, Eurasia and the Middle East. Currently, for a number of reasons related to man, wolves inhabit only a very limited portion of what was once their territory.
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DeLobos
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