The werewolf, also known as the lycanthrope or wolverine, is a legendary creature present in many independent cultures throughout the world. It has been said that this is the most universal of all myths (probably along with that of the vampire), and even today, many people believe in the existence of werewolves or other kinds of “beastmen”.
All the typical characteristics of that animal – such as ferocity, strength, cunning, and speed – are clearly manifest in them. To the disgrace of all those who cross his path.
What is a werewolf?
In folklore and mythology, a werewolf is a person who transforms into a wolf, either intentionally or involuntarily, because of a curse or other external agent.
It seems that the werewolf myth originated in Europe and was closely linked with other superstitions and black magic. The myth is essentially masculine.
Documentary video about Werewolves:
How to become a werewolf?
Ways in which it was believed that they could turn someone into a lycanthrope:
- Ingest certain plants traditionally linked with wolves and black magic.
- Drink in the same place where a wolf would have done it.
- Drink from the mark of a wolf or werewolf.
- Cover yourself with the skin of a wolf.
- Sleeping naked in the light of the full moon.
- Use a wolfskin clothe.
- Acquire the ability to transform into a wolf through magic and spells.
- Being bitten by another werewolf (this form was the most common).
- Have sex with a werewolf.
- Being born after twins or twins as a male child.
- Being the son of an incestuous marriage (marriage between first-degree family members).
- Being born on the night of December 24 (since this was considered an affront to God)
According to the book of the werewolf
According to legend, the first recognized werewolf was Lycaon, king of Arcadia, Greece. In Greek mythology, Lycaon was a wise and cultured king and a very religious person who had driven his people out of the wild conditions in which they originally lived. However, it seems that he himself remained a savage, because in spite of everything he continued to sacrifice human beings in honor of and even said that he murdered every stranger who came to his kingdom asking for hospitality.
CURIOSITY OF ZEUS
Upon learning, the god Zeus wanted to check the rumors and disguised himself as a vagabond to pay a visit to Lycaon. He immediately thought of killing his visitor, but he knew in time that it was Zeus and invited him to participate in a sumptuous banquet. Everything would have gone well had it not been that Lycaon could not resist the temptation to play a horrible joke on the King of Olympus; He ordered that he be served the flesh of a child (presumably his son).
anger of Zeus
Zeus realized, of course, and, angered, condemned Lycaon to become a wolf, and that all his descendants would also be werewolves. Today it is known as licaón, the African wild dog, a relative of the wolves.
Werewolves in antiquity
As of that moment, the werewolves seem to have multiplied, when arriving the Average Age, the stories of men who were transformed into wolf were common and the people had so much faith in them that not even dared to go out at night to the forest. It must be remembered that authentic wolves were common in those days and it was not uncommon for them to attack people. Later the wolves were hunted and exterminated in much of their range, but the fear of the beastmen remained as strong as before.
Wolves of Christ
The werewolves of the Christian dispensation were not all considered as heretics or viciously disposed against humanity. According to Baronius, in the year 617, a group of wolves appeared in a monastery, and they destroyed several friars who held opinions about heresy. The wolves sent by God tore down the sacrilegious thieves of the army of Francesco Maria, Duke of Urbino, who had come to loot the treasure of the Holy House of Loreto. A wolf watched and defended Saint Edmund Martyr, king of England before the wild beasts. Saint Odo, Abbot of Cluny, ravaged by a herd of foxes, was released and escorted by a wolf (A. de Gubernatis, Zoological Mythology, 1872, vol.2, p.145).
A lot of the werewolves were innocent and God-fearing people, who suffered through the spells of others, or were simply destined for an unhappy fate, and those in wolf form behaved in an admirable way, honoring and protecting your benefactors.
In fact, the power to transform others into wild beasts was not only attributed to evil sorcerers, but also to Christian saints. Saint Patrick transformed Vereticus, a king of Wales, into a wolf. San Natalio cursed an illustrious Irish family with the result that each member of her was condemned to be a wolf for seven years. In other stories the divine will is more direct, in Russia, men are supposed to become werewolves by incurring the wrath of the devil.
Evidence of its existence:
Certain beliefs about the werewolf are based on documented events. The Beast of Gévaudan was a creature that terrorized the general area of the province of Gévaudan. In the present Department of Lozère, in the Mountains of Margeride in southern France, in the period from 1764 to 1767. The beast was frequently described as a giant wolf, attacking cattle and human beings without distinction. It was shot down, according to the stories, by Jean Chastel with a silver bullet, hence the myth that werewolves can only kill themselves with this contraption.
The process of transmutation is described as painful in many films and works of literature. The resulting wolf is typically cunning, but without mercy, and prone to devour and kill people without remorse, regardless of the moral character of the person when he is human. The form assumed by the werewolf is not always that of an ordinary wolf, but is often anthropomorphic or may be larger and more powerful than an ordinary wolf.
Characteristics of modern werewolves
Many modern werewolves are also supposedly immune to damage caused by ordinary weapons, being only vulnerable to silver objects (usually a bullet or a knife). This negative reaction to silver is sometimes so strong that only the touch with the metal on the skin of a werewolf will cause burns. The current fiction about the werewolf almost exclusively involves lycanthropy as a hereditary condition or being transmitted as a disease by the bite of another werewolf.
Recently, the description of werewolves has taken a more comprehensive turn in some circles. With the arrival of environmentalism and other ideas of the return to nature, the werewolf is seen as the representation of humanity allied with nature. A typical example of this perspective can be considered in the role play Werewolf: The Apocalypse, in which players take on the role of a werewolf who works on behalf of Gaia, against the supernatural destructive spirit called Wyrm, which represents the destructive forces of industrialization and pollution.
In the literature
The writer J. K. Rowling includes in his Harry Potter books a lycanthrope named Remus Lupine, which in the full moon periods takes a potion to achieve its wolfish form but with a human mentality. It also mentions another lycanthrope named Fenrir Greyback who, unlike Lupine, loves to be a werewolf and bites people even though there is no full moon.
The talisman, novel by Stephen King and Peter Straub, portrays the werewolves as protectors of the World of the Territories. A particular werewolf (called Wolf) helps the young Jack Sawyer on his adventure to locate an ancient item of power. Although still portraits of evil werewolves in popular culture.
Small screen and video games
Several television series alluded to the lycanthropes, including Supernatural or Luna, the mystery of Calenda. Also the Teen Wolf series with actor Tyler Posey and other actors such as Dylan O’Brien, Tyler Hoechlin, Crystal Reed and Holland Roden
In the field of video games, the history of werewolves has been widespread and exhausted, although among them is not the best selling element, if it is used and spent at least in simple references and transformations of the original myths
The 2015 videogame Bloodborne, whose setting uses various elements of Gothic literature such as those of Bram Stoker or H.P. Lovecraft, also uses the figure of the werewolf as one of the axes of its main story, but from its own and particular point of view.
In the famous game, MMORPG World of Warcraft are the creatures called Worgen, which are wolf-beasts. In its new expansion World of Warcraft: Cataclysm in the faction of the alliance will be available the race of the Worgen, looking like a werewolf.
There is a song by Iron Maiden, “Prowler,” which tells the adventures of an alcoholic werewolf and sex addict who roams the city.
The writer Cassandra Clare includes in his books of Shadowhunters men and women wolves, such as Maia Roberts, Luke Garroway, and Jordan Kyle.
In 1982 or 1983 a music video was released, from Thriller by Michael Jackson, with the woman Ola Ray. Where in the beginning of the music video you can see Michael Jackson becoming a werewolf. He chases the girl and when he catches her, he devours her.
No one knows exactly when the legends about werewolves originated. It may be a superstition as old as humanity itself and the observed manifestation of various pathologies. But still valid because of the attractive and mysterious (but also somewhat frightening) halo that surrounds everything related to this legendary and mythical creature. But it does not even occur to my daughter to bring one of those homes, or call animal control.
*Wikipedia: Hombre Lobo
*es.enciclopediadelmisterio.wikia.com: Todo sobre el hombre lobo
*adictamente.blogspot.com: Hombres lobo, datos curiosos
For those who have woken up their Inner Werewolf …
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